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书面表达错误分析·动词及物性错误

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  (1) We offered to give her some money,but she didn’t accept.(误)
  析:句中accept为及物动词,后面应接it,指代前面的money。
  (2) The teacher entered into the classroom,with a book in his hand.(误)
  析:enter本身为及物动词,相当于go(come)into,故应将into删去。
  (3) It was already dark when we reached.(误)
  析:应改为arrived或got there。英语中 reach为及物动词,使用时通常接宾语,相当于arrive at / get to。
  (3)  We all agreed Mary’s idea.(误)
  析:agree为不及物动词,应在agreed之后加上with。
  (4) It is our duty to serve for the people heart and soul. (误)
  正:It is our duty to serve the people heart and soul.
  析:serve为及物动词,后面不能接for。
  (5) Mary married with John two years ago.(误)
  正:Mary married John two years ago./或:Mary was married to John two years ago.
  析:marry为及物动词,不与with连用。 “与某人结婚”应为marry sb或be married to sb。
  注意:易用错的这类不及物动词有:happen /take place /occur /break out /come about /belong to / remain /disappear等;及物动词有:marry /enter /serve /reach /accept等。
  二、不及物动词与系动词之间的误用
  (1)The music sounds well.(误)
  析:well应改为good。英语中look,sound,taste,smell等连系动词后面应接形容词作表语。
  (2) This record sells good.(误)
  析:good应改为well。sell这里为不及物动词,表示“出售情况如何”,应与副词连用。类似的还有wash,write等。

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